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Nueva antropología

versão impressa ISSN 0185-0636

Resumo

VON BERTRAB TAMM, Alejandro I.. Conflicto social alrededor de la conservación en la Reserva de la Biosfera de Los Tuxtlas: un análisis de intereses, posturas y consecuencias. Nueva antropol [online]. 2010, vol.23, n.72, pp. 55-80. ISSN 0185-0636.

This article analyzes the social conflict that arose as a result of the expropriation of small-farmer ejido lands to consolidate one of the core zones of the Los Tuxtlas Biosphere Reserve in the southern part of the state of Veracruz, Mexico. As a case study, it considers the experience of two ejido communities whose territories lie wholly and partially within the expropriated area: Península de Moreno and Miguel Hidalgo, respectively. The conflict's social and environmental effects are evaluated through a discussion of the socio-political context and stakeholder perspectives, interests and positions. It is argued that in the context of conservation programs, non-consented actions not only fail to ameliorate environmental degradation but may actually worsen it. On the one hand, these actions weaken the social fabric necessary to propel a process of sustainable community development, and on the other, conservation becomes an illegitimate activity or interest for local populations, thereby hardening stakeholder positions and complicating a cooperative search for solutions.

Palavras-chave : social conflict; biosphere reserve; ejido.

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