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Acta zoológica mexicana

On-line version ISSN 2448-8445Print version ISSN 0065-1737


VILLALOBOS, F.J. et al. Patrones de la macrofauna edáfica en un cultivo de Zea maiz durante la fase postcosecha en "La Mancha", Veracruz, México. Acta Zool. Mex [online]. 2000, n.80, pp.167-183. ISSN 2448-8445.

The soil macrofauna of a cornfield was studied during the fallow period in El Centro de Investigaciones Costeras "La Mancha", Veracruz. Patterns of soil macrofauna density, spatial distribution and diversity were described and their relationships with soil temperature, moisture, organic matter and pH were explored. Four strategies were combined to undertake this aim: a) sampling of soil macrofauna was carried out in seven ten cm soil layers from 0 to 70 cm depth; b) soil macrofauna was identified to morphospecies level; c) the size of morphospecies aggregations was determined following a the two-term local quadrat variance method (TTLQV); d) analysis of canonical correspondence was used to arrange morphospecies distribution in an spatial and environmental framework of reference. Density of soil macrofauna in the studied site seems to be the lowest value ever recorded in similar studies (246 individuals m-2). Forty-six morphospecies were collected that are mainly distributed in the top 20 cm soil layer and present an aggregated horizontal pattern of distribution. The diameter of aggregations of Oligochaeta juveniles, larvae of Tenebrionidae and Diplopoda juveniles was >1.5m, 0.9 m and 1.2 m respectively. It was possible to arrange different groups of soil Macrofauna according with their ranges of tolerance to environmental variables. Therefore, it is suggested that these patterns do reflect preferences of soil biota to microenvironments and do respond to soil degradation.

Keywords : Soil macrofauna; density; spatial distribution patterns; diversity; CICLOMA; Veracruz; corn.

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