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Salud Pública de México

versão impressa ISSN 0036-3634

Resumo

RAMIREZ-LOPEZ, Guadalupe; FLORES-ALDANA, Mario  e  SALMERON, Jorge. Associations between dietary patterns and metabolic syndrome in adolescents. Salud pública Méx [online]. 2019, vol.61, n.5, pp.619-628.  Epub 07-Ago-2020. ISSN 0036-3634.  https://doi.org/10.21149/9541.

Objective:

Evaluate association of dietary patterns with metabolic syndrome (MetS) and metabolic markers.

Materials and methods:

654 adolescents from Guadalajara, Jalisco, participated in a cross-sectional study. Diet was evaluated using a food frequency questionnaire; 24 food groups were integrated, and dietary patterns were derived using cluster analysis. MetS was defined according to International Diabetes Federation (IDF), Cook and colleagues, Ford and colleagues, and de Ferranti and colleagues criteria.

Results:

Dietary patterns identified were: “DP1”, “DP2”, and “DP3”. Among males, “DP3” was associated with MetS (Cook and collaborators) (OR, 12.14; 95%CI, 1.66-89.05), hypertriglyceridemia (OR, 3.89; 95%CI, 1.01-15.07), and insulin resistance (OR, 6.66; 95%CI, 1.12-39.70). “DP2” was associated with abdominal obesity (OR, 5.11; 95%CI, 1.57-16.66).

Conclusions:

“DP3” entertained a greater risk of MetS, hypertriglyceridemia, and insulin resistance, while “DP2” possessed a greater risk of abdominal obesity among adolescent males.

Palavras-chave : metabolic syndrome; dietary patterns; fast foods; sugar-sweetened beverages; adolescents.

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