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Salud Pública de México

versão impressa ISSN 0036-3634

Resumo

NOLA, Iskra Alexandra. Earthquakes and their environmental, medical and public health impacts. Salud pública Méx [online]. 2018, vol.60, suppl.1, pp.16-22. ISSN 0036-3634.  http://dx.doi.org/10.21149/9212.

Earthquakes are probably the scariest among the natural disasters that teach us about the forces of nature and their unpredictability. Knowing that there is nothing we can do to prevent the occurrence of an earthquake, we are forced to learn from our own experience. This paper systematizes the environmental, medical and public health impacts of earthquakes. Each is presented in a structured way, highlighting its most important aspects. The relationship between them and the affected environment and population; as well as the connection between these are emphasized during earthquakes. The environment at the place of occurrence of an earthquake is important for the survival of victims and also defines the particular medical and public health needs arising from its specificity. Every country needs good disaster management with specific protocols for the expected type of disaster. These protocols must incorporate environmental, medical and public health aspects and their implementation must be very efficient; they must include educating the inhabit- ants; training teams involved in rescue, (eventual) migration/ evacuation, medical treatments and public health actions, and training and educating leaders.

Palavras-chave : earthquake; environmental impacts; medical impacts; protocols; public health impacts.

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