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Salud Pública de México

versión impresa ISSN 0036-3634

Resumen

BARRIENTOS-GUTIERREZ, Tonatiuh et al. Position paper on taxes to non-basic energy-dense foods and sugar-sweetened beverages. Salud pública Méx [online]. 2018, vol.60, n.5, pp.586-591.  Epub 31-Mayo-2019. ISSN 0036-3634.  http://dx.doi.org/10.21149/9534.

In 2014 the Mexican government implemented taxes to reduce the consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages and nonessential energy-dense foods. In this manuscript, we analyze the scientific evidence linking the consumption of these products to chronic diseases, and summarize the studies that have evaluated the observed and expected impact of food taxes in Mexico. The implementation of taxes to unhealthy foods has reduced purchases of sugar-sweetened beverages in 7.6% and nonessential energy-dense foods in 7.4%. A reduction in consumption could decrease obesity prevalence by 2.5%; prevent 20 000 cardiovascular disease events; 189 000 diabetes cases; and 20 000 cardiovascular deaths. Additionally, this impact could save nearly 1 173 million dollars from healthcare costs. Taxes to unhealthy foods should be strengthened up and remain as an integral part of the national strategy to reduce obesity and chronic diseases in Mexico.

Palabras llave : carbonated beverages, juices; food; tax; obesity; diabetes mellitus.

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