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Salud Pública de México

versión impresa ISSN 0036-3634

Resumen

GUERRERO-ZUNIGA, Selene et al. Prevalence of sleep symptoms and risk of obstructive sleep apnea in Mexico. Salud pública Méx [online]. 2018, vol.60, n.3, pp.347-355. ISSN 0036-3634.  http://dx.doi.org/10.21149/9280.

Objective:

To estimate the prevalence of sleep related symptoms (SRS) in Mexico, and their distribution by region, urbanization and gender.

Materials and methods:

Cross-sectional study using a national probabilistic sample among adults over 20 years old. We applied the Berlin questionnaire for sleep apnea risk (OSA) and questions on sleep duration, insomnia and sedative use.

Results:

The most frequent SRS were snoring 48.5% and difficulty falling asleep 36.9%. High risk for OSA was found in 27.3% of adults, increases with BMI (OR=1.1), age (OR=1.03) and urban residence (OR=1.37). Insomnia was in 18.8% with female predominance (OR=1.91). Average sleep time was 7.6 ±3 hours; 28.4% of adults sleep <7 h/night.

Conclusions:

SRS are highly prevalent. One in four Mexican adults have an elevated risk for OSA. Their detection and treatment could minimize detrimental health outcomes for them.

Palabras llave : prevalence; obstructive sleep apnea; sleep initiation and maintenance disorders.

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