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Salud Pública de México

Print version ISSN 0036-3634


GAONA-PINEDA, Elsa B et al. Food groups consumption and sociodemographic characteristics in Mexican population. Salud pública Méx [online]. 2018, vol.60, n.3, pp.272-282. ISSN 0036-3634.


To estimate the recommendable and non-recommendable food groups for usual consumption by sociodemographic characteristics in Mexican population.

Materials and methods:

Through a 7-day, semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire used in 2016 National Health and Nutrition Survey, we estimated the proportions of population (preschool and school children, adolescents and adults) who consumed food groups that are relevant for public health by area, region and socioeconomic status (SES).


Less than 50% of population consumed vegetables daily; almost 80% of the population consumed plain water daily and sweetened beverages (3 d/week). Center and Mexico City regions had the highest percentage of fruits and vegetables consumers (p<0.012). High SES had the highest consumer´s percentage of recommendable and non-recommendable food groups.


A high percentage of the population do not consume fruits, vegetables and plain water daily.

Keywords : food consumption; nutrition surveys; Mexico.

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