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Salud Pública de México

versão impressa ISSN 0036-3634

Resumo

GARZA-MONTOYA, Beatriz Gabriela  e  RAMOS-TOVAR, María Elena. Pattern changes in food and beverages expenditure in Mexican households (1984-2014). Salud pública Méx [online]. 2017, vol.59, n.6, pp.612-620. ISSN 0036-3634.  http://dx.doi.org/10.21149/8220.

Objective:

To analyze the proportion of expenditure and its frequency in food and beverages consumed inside and outside of households, at national and regional level, in Mexico between 1984 and 2014.

Materials and methods:

It analyzes data of household expenditure of food and beverages taken from the National Survey of Mexican Household Income and Expenditures 1984, 1994, 2005 and 2014. It conducted descriptive statistics analyses such as percentages, growth rates and crosstabs.

Results:

There were changes in food expenditure patterns at national and regional level. The proportion of expenditure and its frequency increased in non-alcoholic beverages, prepared food, meals made outside home and cereals. The proportion of expenditure and its frequency decreased in oils and fats, fruits, vegetables, sugar and honeys.

Conclusion:

These changes can be related to political, economic, social and cultural transformations experienced in the last decades.

Palavras-chave : food consumption; food; beverages; food habits; food preferences; diet.

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