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Salud Pública de México

Print version ISSN 0036-3634


ROMERO-MARTINEZ, Martín et al. Methodological design of the National Health and Nutrition Survey 2016. Salud pública Méx [online]. 2017, vol.59, n.3, pp.299-305. ISSN 0036-3634.


Describe the design methodology of the halfway health and nutrition national survey (Ensanut-MC) 2016.

Materials and methods

The Ensanut-MC is a national probabilistic survey whose objective population are the inhabitants of private households in Mexico. The sample size was determined to make inferences on the urban and rural areas in four regions. Describes main design elements: target population, topics of study, sampling procedure, measurement procedure and logistics organization.


A final sample of 9 479 completed household interviews, and a sample of 16 591 individual interviews. The response rate for households was 77.9%, and the response rate for individuals was 91.9%.


The Ensanut-MC probabilistic design allows valid statistical inferences about interest parameters for Mexico´s public health and nutrition, specifically on overweight, obesity and diabetes mellitus. Updated information also supports the monitoring, updating and formulation of new policies and priority programs.

Keywords : population surveys; health status; nutritional status; obesity; overweight; Mexico.

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