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Salud Pública de México

versão impressa ISSN 0036-3634

Resumo

PINEDA-BELMONTES, Cristina P et al. Genetic polymorphisms of PPAR gamma, arsenic methylation capacity and breast cancer risk in Mexican women. Salud pública Méx [online]. 2016, vol.58, n.2, pp.220-227. ISSN 0036-3634.

Objective:

To evaluate whether the presence of polymorphisms of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma PPARγ (Pro 1 2Ala) and PPARGC1B (Ala203Pro) modifies the association between the inorganic arsenic (iAs) methylation capacity and breast cancer (BC).

Materials and methods:

Mexican women were interviewed, and blood and urine samples were collected from them (cases/controls= 197/220). The concentration of urinary arsenic species and the polymorphisms of interest were determined by high-performance liquid chromatography with inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (HPLC-ICP-MS) and polymerase chain reaction (PCR), respectively.

Results:

In women with a high %MMA (urinary monomethyl arsenic) and high primary methylation ratio (PM = MMA/iAs), the risk of BC was increased (odds ratio [OR]%MMA T3 vs.T1= 3.60: 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.02-6.41, ORPMI T3 vs.T1= 3.47: 95%CI 1.95-6.17), which was maintained after adjusting for polymorphisms. No significant interactions were observed between the polymorphisms and the arsenic variables on the risk of BC.

Conclusion:

Pro 12Ala and Ala203Pro polymorphisms did not modify the association between the iAs methylation capacity and BC.

Palavras-chave : breast cancer; arsenic; genetic polymorphisms; PPARγ; Mexico.

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