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Salud Pública de México

versão impressa ISSN 0036-3634

Resumo

FAJARDO-GUTIERREZ, Arturo et al. Cancer incidence and mortality in children in the Mexican Social Security Institute (1996-2013). Salud pública Méx [online]. 2016, vol.58, n.2, pp.162-170. ISSN 0036-3634.

Objective:

To identify the cancer incidence and mortality in Mexican Social Security Institute beneficiary (MSSI-B) children during 1996-2013.

Materials and methods:

Both cancer cases (n=4 728) and deaths (n=2 378) were analyzed in MSSI-B children who were registered in five states of the Mexican Republic. The incidence and mortality trends and the incidences (rate x 1 000 000 children / year) of the type of cancer, age, sex, and place of residence were obtained.

Results:

For both indicators (incidence and mortality), there was a downward trend for the period of 1996-2001 and a stable trend for 2002-2013. This occurred in the overall mortality and incidence trends of the Estado de México and Chiapas and in the leukemia and the acute lymphoid subgroups. The annual overall incidence was 128 cases per 1 000 000 children. Leukemia, lymphomas, and central nervous system tumors were the principal cancer groups.

Conclusions:

Cancer mortality for the period of 2002-2013 did not diminish. Interinstitutional and/or international research should be designed to improve the care of these children.

Palavras-chave : cancer; children; trends; incidence; mortality; Mexico.

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