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Salud Pública de México

versão impressa ISSN 0036-3634

Resumo

GRANADOS-GARCIA, Víctor et al. Cost of the Cervical Cancer Screening Program at the Mexican Social Security Institute. Salud pública Méx [online]. 2014, vol.56, n.5, pp.502-510. ISSN 0036-3634.

Objective. To estimate the annual cost of the National Cervical Cancer Screening Program (CCSP) of the Mexican Institute of Social Security (IMSS). Materials and methods. This cost analysis examined regional coverage rates reported by IMSS. We estimated the number of cytology, colposcopy, biopsy and pathology evaluations, as well as the diagnostic test and treatment costs for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade II and III (CIN 2/3) and cervical cancer. Diagnostic test costs were estimated using a micro-costing technique. Sensitivity analyses were performed. Results. The cost to perform 2.7 million cytology tests was nearly 38 million dollars, which represents 26.1% of the total program cost (145.4 million). False negatives account for nearly 43% of the program costs. Conclusion. The low sensitivity of the cytology test generates high rates of false negatives, which results in high institutional costs from the treatment of undetected cervical cancer cases.

Palavras-chave : costs and cost analysis; cytology; screening; cervical cancer; Mexico.

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