Salud Pública de México
versión impresa ISSN 0036-3634
HERNANDEZ, Bernardo; ORTIZ-PANOZO, Eduardo y PEREZ-CUEVAS, Ricardo. Facility-based care for delivery and management of complications related to pregnancy and childbirth in Mexico. Salud pública Méx [online]. 2012, vol.54, n.5, pp.496-505. ISSN 0036-3634.
OBJECTIVE: To describe the incidence and management of severe maternal and newborn complications in selected health facilities in Mexico. MATERIALS AND METHODS: As part of the WHO Multicountry Survey on Maternal and Newborn health, information was collected from medical records of women with deliveries and/or severe maternal complications during pregnancy or puerperium in 14 hospitals in Mexico City and the state of Guanajuato, Mexico. RESULTS: Of 13 311 women, 157 (12 per 1 000 live births) had severe maternal complications including 4 maternal deaths. The most frequent complications were preeclampsia, postpartum hemorrhage, and chronic hypertension. Adverse perinatal outcomes were more frequent among women with severe maternal complications. A high use of uterotonics and parenteral antibiotics was found. A small proportion of women with eclampsia received magnesium sulfate. CONCLUSION: This study provides indicators on the incidence and management of maternal and neonatal complications in Mexico, which may be useful in studying and evaluating the performance of obstetric services.
Palabras llave : maternal mortality; pregnancy complications; puerperal disorders; Mexico.