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Salud Pública de México

versión impresa ISSN 0036-3634

Resumen

REYNALES-SHIGEMATSU, Luz Myriam. Tobacco control, a strategy to reduce non-communicable diseases. Salud pública Méx [online]. 2012, vol.54, n.3, pp. 323-331. ISSN 0036-3634.

Nearly two-thirds of all deaths globally are caused by noncommunicable diseases (cardiovascular diseases, cancer, respiratory diseases and diabetes). The UN General Assembly approved Political Declaration of the High-Level Meeting on the Prevention and Control of non communicable diseases and recommending five priority interventions: 1. Tobacco control (the most urgent and immediate), 2. Salt reduction, 3. Improved diet and physical activity, 4 Reduction of hazardous alcohol intake, 5. Access to essential drugs and technologies. The Assembly recognizes the fundamental conflict of interest between tobacco industry and public health and recommends the implementation of WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) and MPOWER strategies. The full implementation of FCTC could prevent 5.5 Million of death in the next 10 years in low and middle income countries. All these recommendations are feasible to implement considering the willingness of Governments, the infrastructure available, the capacity building existing and the participation of all sectors, including civil society and the community as a whole.

Palabras llave : tobacco; chronic disease; prevention & control; millennium development goals.

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