Salud Pública de México
versión impresa ISSN 0036-3634
SOTO-MENDEZ, María José et al. Food variety, dietary diversity, and food characteristics among convenience samples of Guatemalan women. Salud pública Méx [online]. 2011, vol.53, n.4, pp. 288-298. ISSN 0036-3634.
OBJECTIVE: To compare variety and diversity patterns and dietary characteristics in Guatemalan women. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two non-consecutive 24-h recalls were conducted in convenience samples of 20 rural Mayan women and 20 urban students. Diversity scores were computed using three food-group systems.Variety and diversity scores and dietary origin and characteristics were compared between settings using independent t-test or Mann-Whitney-U-test. RESULTS: Dietary variety and diversity were generally greater in the urban sample when compared to the rural sample, depending on the number of days and food-group system used for evaluation.The diet was predominantly plant-based and composed of non-fortified food items in both areas.The rural diet was predominantly composed of traditional,non-processed foods. The urban diet was mostly based on non-traditional and processed items. CONCLUSION: Considerations of intervention strategies for dietary improvement and health protection for the Guatemalan countryside should still rely on promotion and preservation of traditional food selection.
Palabras llave : diet quality; feeding practices; variety; diversity; Guatemala.