Salud Pública de México
versión impresa ISSN 0036-3634
ATIENZO, Erika E et al. Interventions involving parents in order to impact adolescent sexual behavior. Salud pública Méx [online]. 2011, vol.53, n.2, pp. 160-171. ISSN 0036-3634.
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of educational interventions that incorporate parent participation to modify adolescent sexual behavior. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We conducted a systematic search of 5 electronic databases for articles published between 2002 and 2009 that evaluated educational interventions involving parents. RESULTS: Nineteen articles evaluated 15 interventions that met all the criteria for inclusion. They found a significant increase in adolescents' intentions to postpone sexual intercourse and use contraceptives, a reduction in self-reported sexual relations and an increase in condom use. Positive results were also found for individual protective factors such as knowledge and attitude, and family factors such as parent-child communication, perception of rules, monitoring/supervision by parents and family support. CONCLUSIÓN: Educational interventions that include parents support healthy sexual behavior among adolescents. Parental participation can be included in any intervention aimed at adolescents.
Palabras llave : adolescents; parents; sexual behavior; intervention studies.