Salud Pública de México
versión impresa ISSN 0036-3634
ROSALES-MARTINEZ, Yetzi; NIGENDA, Gustavo; GALARRAGA, Omar y RUIZ-LARIOS, José Arturo. Migration expectations among nursing students in Mexico City. Salud pública Méx [online]. 2010, vol.52, n.3, pp.244-253. ISSN 0036-3634.
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the factors associated with the expectations to migrate abroad among nursing students in Mexico City. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with a non-random sample of 420 students. A logistic regression model was estimated. RESULTS: A total of 69% of the informants expressed their intention to move abroad, to look for employment (65%) and/or to continue their studies (26%). Of those, 50% would choose Canada as their destination, followed by Spain and the United States. The variables associated with migration expectations were: age, income, having relatives abroad, and perception of poor labor conditions and low wages in Mexico. CONCLUSIONS: Results are consistent with international literature. Low wages, poor labor conditions and the limited possibilities for professional development in Mexico are factors that contribute to generate migration expectations among nursing students. Additionally, optimistic perceptions about the job market and the labor demand in more developed countries heighten expectations to migrate.
Palabras llave : Students, nursing; intention; employment; emigration and immigration; Mexico.