Salud Pública de México
versión impresa ISSN 0036-3634
RUBIALES-GUTIERREZ, Eduardo; AGUDELO-SUAREZ, Andrés A; LOPEZ-JACOB, María José y RONDA-PEREZ, Elena. Differences in occupational accidents in Spain according to the worker's country of origin. Salud pública Méx [online]. 2010, vol.52, n.3, pp. 199-206. ISSN 0036-3634.
OBJECTIVE: Compare the occupational accidents between autochthonous and immigrant workers in Spain. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data were obtained from the Spanish Survey of Working Conditions. Nationality was considered as an explicative variable, and the country of origin was regrouped according to the Human Development Index-HDI. Occupational accidents were the outcome. Other variables included were sociodemographic and employment conditions. Prevalences were calculated as well as simple and adjusted odds ratio (OR) (logistic regression) with a 95% confidence interval (CI 95%). RESULTS: The prevalence of occupational accidents was 12.7% (women, 11.1%) for workers from low HDI countries and 10.3% (women, 8.1%) for Spaniards. A higher risk of occupational accidents was observed among women from low HDI countries compared to Spaniards (adjusted OR 1.66; 95%CI 1.21-2.28). DISCUSSION: It is necessary to conduct a more thorough causal analysis of occupational accidents among immigrants in order to identify risk factors and strengthen prevention and control strategies.
Palabras llave : immigrants; working conditions; occupational accidents; surveys; Spain.