Salud Pública de México
versión impresa ISSN 0036-3634
ANDERSON, Benjamin O. y CAZAP, Eduardo. Breast health global initiative (BHGI) outline for program development in Latin America. Salud pública Méx [online]. 2009, vol.51, suppl.2, pp. s309-s315. ISSN 0036-3634.
The Breast Health Global Initiative (BHGI) applied an evidence-based consensus review process to develop guidelines for breast cancer early detection, diagnosis, and treatment in low- and middle-income countries (LMCs) including those in Latin America. Breast cancer outcomes correlate with the degree to which 1) cancers are detected early, 2) cancers can be diagnosed correctly, and 3) proper multimodality treatment can be provided in a timely fashion. Cancer prevention through health behavior modification may influence breast cancer incidence in LMCs. Diagnosing breast cancer at earlier stages will reduce breast cancer mortality. Programs to promote breast self-awareness and clinical breast examination and resource-adapted mammographic screening are important early detection steps. Screening mammography has been shown to reduce breast cancer mortality, but is cost prohibitive in some settings. Breast imaging, initially with ultrasound and, at higher resource levels with diagnostic mammography, improves preoperative diagnostic assessment and permits image-guided needle sampling. Multimodality therapy includes surgery, radiation, and systemic therapies.
Palabras llave : Breast neoplasms; developing countries; physical examination; diagnosis; neoplasm staging; combined modality therapy; guideline; health plan implementation.