Salud Pública de México
versión impresa ISSN 0036-3634
KNAUL, Felicia Marie et al. The health care costs of breast cancer: the case of the Mexican Social Security Institute. Salud pública Méx [online]. 2009, vol.51, suppl.2, pp. s286-s295. ISSN 0036-3634.
OBJECTIVE: We studied the cost of health care for women with breast cancer treated at the Mexican Social Security Institute (IMSS, per its abbreviation in Spanish). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Using the Medical and Operative Information Systems of the IMSS, we constructed a cohort of patients diagnosed in 2002 and followed these patients to the end of 2006, identifying the use of resources and imputing the IMSS-specific cost structure. RESULTS: Only 14% of women were diagnosed in stage 1 and 48% were diagnosed in stages III-IV. The average cost of their medical care per patient-year was $MX110,459. Costs for stage 1 were $MX74,522 compared to $102,042 for stage II, and were $MX154,018 for stage III and $MX199,274 for stage IV. CONCLUSIONS: Breast cancer accounts for a significant part of the IMSS health budget. Later stage at diagnosis is associated with higher economic costs per patient-year of treatment and lower probability of five-year survival.
Palabras llave : breast cancer; health care costs; cost analysis; social security; Mexico.