Salud Pública de México
versión impresa ISSN 0036-3634
LOZANO-ASCENCIO, Rafael et al. Breast cancer trends in Latin America and the Caribbean. Salud pública Méx [online]. 2009, vol.51, suppl.2, pp. s147-s156. ISSN 0036-3634.
Breast cancer is currently the most significant cause of death from malignancies in Latin American women, including cervical cancer. OBJECTIVE: Describe the magnitude and spatial-temporal distribution of breast cancer in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) from 1979-2005. MATERIAL AND METHODS: National and international incidence and mortality statistics were reviewed and organized (registries, databases, and published literature), basic estimators and mortality ratios for each country were calculated and trends were analyzed. RESULTS: Despite substantial data gaps in incidence for many countries, an increase in incidence and mortality is observed in LAC countries. Deaths/cases ratios illustrate problems in access to detection and treatment and the greatest gaps are observed in poorer countries. CONCLUSIONS: A regional effort is needed to improve information systems related to cancer in general and breast cancer in particular. It is imperative to develop strategies to improve diagnostic infrastructure in order to achieve early detection and effective treatment and halt the upward trend in premature mortality.
Palabras llave : malignant tumors; breast cancer; mortality trends; Latin America; Caribbean.