SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.51 número6La vivencia del rechazo en homosexuales universitarios de la Ciudad de México y situaciones de riesgo para VIH/sidaMotivos para la práctica deportiva y su relación con el consumo de alcohol y tabaco en jóvenes españoles índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
Home Pagelista alfabética de revistas  

Salud Pública de México

versión impresa ISSN 0036-3634

Resumen

FLORES-PENA, Yolanda; TREJO-ORTIZ, Perla M; GALLEGOS-CABRIALES, Esther C  y  CERDA-FLORES, Ricardo M. Validity of two tests to evaluate maternal perception of child's weight. Salud pública Méx [online]. 2009, vol.51, n.6, pp. 489-495. ISSN 0036-3634.

OBJETIVE: To assess maternal perception of their children weight using words (PP) and using images (PI) and evaluate the validity of the two tests by determining their sensitivity and specificity. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 418 mother-child diads were selected from urban areas in the Monterrey, Nuevo León area. A questionnaire was administered to the mothers about perceptions regarding physical appearance and health. Sensitivity and specificity were calculated and the body mass index measurement of the child was the gold standard. RESULTS: Mothers underestimated overweight (SP) and obesity (OB), with 20.34% of mothers of children with SP and 7.41% of children with OB perceiving their child's condition with the PP test, and 62.71% of mothers of children with SP and 81.48% of those of children with OB perceiving it with the PI test. The tests had 12% sensitivity and 21% specificity for PP and 75% sensitivity and 15% specificity for PI. CONCLUSIONS: The mothers of children with SP-OB underestimate the weight of their children. Images are useful for mothers to recognize their child's condition.

Palabras llave : obesity; weight perception; visual perception; validity of tests; body weight; mothers; Mexico.

        · resumen en Español     · texto en Español     · pdf en Español