Salud Pública de México
versão impressa ISSN 0036-3634
ESPARZA-AGUILAR, Marcelino; BAUTISTA-MARQUEZ, Aurora; GONZALEZ-ANDRADE, María del Carmen e RICHARDSON-LOPEZ-COLLADA, Vesta Louise. Analysis of the mortality due to diarrhea in younger children, before and after the introduction of rotavirus vaccine. Salud pública Méx [online]. 2009, vol.51, n.4, pp. 285-290. ISSN 0036-3634.
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the mortality due to acute diarrhea in children younger than five years old, before and after the introduction of rotavirus vaccine in Mexico. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Number of deaths and mortality rates due to acute diarrhea were compared by children's age and states' vaccine status using annual percentage differences before (2000-2005) and after (2006-2007) the introduction of the HRV. RESULTS: From 2000-2007, deaths due to acute diarrhea in children under five years of age dropped 42%. In those states that received the HRV early in 2006, diarrhea mortality decreased between 2006-2007 15.8% in children younger than one year old and 22.7% in children 1-4 years old. DISCUSSION: The observed reduction in mortality due to acute diarrhea in children under five years of age after 2005 can be, in part, attributed to the HRV.
Palavras-chave : rotavirus vaccines; rotavirus infections; gastroenteritis; mortality; Mexico.