Salud Pública de México
Print version ISSN 0036-3634
MINO-WOROBIEJ, Ariel. Gender images and sexual and reproductive conduct. Salud pública Méx [online]. 2008, vol.50, n.1, pp. 17-31. ISSN 0036-3634.
OBJECTIVE: To analyze some of the factors associated with material living conditions of adolescents and their means for earning a living, such as idea construction and gender representations, related to sexual and reproductive conduct. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The investigation was conducted in Asuncion, Paraguay, in 2000. Qualitative data collection techniques (in-depth interviews) and interpretive analysis were used. A total of 40 interviews were conducted of young people between the ages of 15 and 20, grouped as "schooled" and "not schooled." RESULTS: Gender constructions exist, denominated in this study as "modern" and "traditional," that classify perceptions about gender roles for women and their position in relation to males, as well as for partner relationships and the exercise of power in such contexts. Ideas and representations about maternity are also defined. CONCLUSIONS: The distinct gender image "types" associated with the adolescents means for earning a living simultaneously condition certain perceptions about gender roles and reproductive conduct.
Keywords : sexuality; sexual health; reproductive health; gender; adolescents; Paraguay.