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Salud Pública de México

versión impresa ISSN 0036-3634


VALDESPINO, José Luis et al. Seroepidemiology of hepatitis A in Mexico: a detector of social inequity and monitor of immunization policies. Salud pública Méx [online]. 2007, vol.49, suppl.3, pp.s377-s385. ISSN 0036-3634.

OBJECTIVE: Hepatitis A Virus (HAV) in Mexico has traditionally been considered a disease with a homogeneous pattern of transmission, high rates of infection at early ages, and infrequent complication rates. The purpose of this study was to take advantage of the 2000 NHS, a probabilistic population-based survey, in order to describe the seroepidemiology of HAV infection in Mexico. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study is based on information obtained from the National Health Survey that was conducted in 2000. The present report is based on 4 907 randomly selected samples that were studied to determine the prevalence of HAV antibodies using immunoenzymatic assay. Sera were collected from November 1999 to June 2000. RESULTS: Seroprevalence among the general population was 81.3% (CI95%: 78.6-84.2); expanded results allow the inference that 78.7 million Mexicans have been infected by this agent. Risk factors for HAV among children younger than nine years of age are the following: residence in southern states OR=5.3, residence in rural communities OR= 3.1, low-income family OR= 2.4 and living in households with limited access to sanitary facilities (water OR= 2.5 and sewage OR= 2.7). CONCLUSIONS: Results of this study demonstrate that HAV transmission patterns are heterogeneous and that differentials in the prevalence of infection are due to sanitary and social inequity among studied populations. Finally, the advantages of adopting public health measures such as vaccination and improvement of sanitary and socioeconomic conditions are discussed.

Palabras llave : viral hepatitis A; seroepidemiology; inequity; Mexico.

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