Salud Pública de México
versão impressa ISSN 0036-3634
AVILA-FUNES, José Alberto; MELANO-CARRANZA, Efrén; PAYETTE, Hélène e AMIEVA, Hélène. Depressive symptoms as a risk factor for dependence in elderly people. Salud pública Méx [online]. 2007, vol.49, n.5, pp. 367-375. ISSN 0036-3634.
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between depressive symptoms and dependence in activities of daily living. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Participants, aged 70 to 104 (n= 1 880), were evaluated twice (2001 and 2003). Depressive symptoms were established by a modified version of Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale, whereas functional dependence was assessed with Lawton & Brody and Katz scales. Dependence implies the attendance and assistance of another person to accomplish the activity. Multivariate regression analyses were used to determine the effect of depressive symptoms on incident dependence. RESULTS: At baseline, 37.9% had depressive symptoms. After two years, 6.1 and 12.7% developed functional dependence for one or more ADL and IADL, respectively. Multivariate analyses showed that depressive symptoms were a risk factor to the development of functional dependence only for the instrumental activities for daily living. CONCLUSIONS: Depressive symptoms are a risk factor for functional dependence. Systematic screening it seems necessary in the evaluation of geriatric patients.
Palavras-chave : elderly; dependence; depression; frailty; Mexico.