Salud Pública de México
versión impresa ISSN 0036-3634
TAMEZ-GONZALEZ, Silvia; VALLE-ARCOS, Rosa Irene; EIBENSCHUTZ-HARTMAN, Catalina y MENDEZ-RAMIREZ, Ignacio. Adjustment of the Andersen's model to the Mexican context: access to prenatal care. Salud pública Méx [online]. 2006, vol.48, n.5, pp. 418-429. ISSN 0036-3634.
The aim of this work was to propose an adjustment to the Model of Andersen who answers better to the social inequality of the population in the Mexico City and allows to evaluate the effect of socioeconomic factors in the access to the prenatal care of a sample stratified according to degree of marginalization. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The data come from a study of 663 women, randomly selected from a framework sample of 21 421 homes in Mexico City. This work collects information about factors that affect utilization of health services, as well as predisposing factors (age and socioeconomic level), as enabling factors (education, social support, entitlement, pay out of pocket and opinion of health services), and need factors. The sample was ranked according to exclusion variables into three stratums. The data were analyzed through the technique of path analysis. RESULTS: The results indicate that socioeconomic level takes part like predisposed variable for utilization of prenatal care services into three stratums. Otherwise, education and social support were the most important enabling variables for utilization of prenatal care services in the same three groups. In regard to low stratum, the most important enabling variables were education and entitlement. For high stratum the principal enabling variables were pay out of pocket and social support. The medium stratum shows atypical behavior which it was difficult to explain and understand. There was not mediating role with need variable in three models. This indicated absence of equality in all stratums. However, the most correlations in high stratum perhaps indicate less inequitable conditions regarding other stratums.
Palabras llave : inequality; socioeconomic factors; access to services health; prenatal care; social support; Mexico.