Salud Pública de México
versión impresa ISSN 0036-3634
SNYDER, V Nelly Salgado de; GONZALEZ-VAZQUEZ, Tonatiuh T; JAUREGUI-ORTIZ, Berenice y BONILLA-FERNANDEZ, Pastor. Ageing and health among rural men. Salud pública Méx [online]. 2005, vol.47, n.4, pp. 294-302. ISSN 0036-3634.
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the social factors associated with the health status of elderly men, 60 years and older, who live in poverty in the rural areas of Mexico. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional, descriptive study was conducted between February and October 2002, in a convenience sample of 392 elderly men residing in rural areas of the states of Guerrero, Morelos and Jalisco states. A validated questionnaire was applied to collect data on sociodemographic characteristics, general wellbeing, health problems, food consumption, and some indicators of mental health, personal strength and social support. Data analysis was performed with the SPSS v. II.1 software, to obtain chi-squared tests; food intake measures were analized with one-way ANOVA. RESULTS: Study subjects were married or were widowers and had six children on average. A higher proportion of the elderly men of Morelos state reported to have suffered more illnesses and a higher consumption of alcohol when compared to the other two state groups. Sixty percent of the men in the study used both home remedies and medication for their health problems. More than one half of them did not receive adequate social support from their families. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study suggest that the process of ageing among rural elderly men is perceived as a burden, mainly because of the context of poverty in which they live. The lack of appropriate income and access to health services through adequate pension and retirement plans for the elderly poor is a problem that requires immediate attention.
Palabras llave : aging; health; Mexico; rural; poverty; men.