SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.44 número5Sensibilidad antimicrobiana y caracterización de cepas de Streptococcus pyogenes aisladas de un brote de escarlatinaConsideraciones metodológicas para evaluar la calidad de vida índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
Home Pagelista alfabética de revistas  

Salud Pública de México

versión impresa ISSN 0036-3634

Resumen

SANCHEZ-ALEMAN, Miguel A; URIBE-SALAS, Felipe  y  CONDE-GONZALEZ, Carlos J. Human papillomavirus infection is a possible biological marker of sexual behavior among university students. Salud pública Méx [online]. 2002, vol.44, n.5, pp. 442-447. ISSN 0036-3634.

Objective. To estimate the prevalence of Human papillomavirus (HPV) among university students and to use it as a biological marker to assess sexual behavior. Material and Methods. A cross-sectional study was carried out between 2000 and 2001 among 194 students at Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Morelos, Mexico. A data collection instrument was applied and genital samples were taken to detect oncogenic HPV DNA. Data were analyzed using the chi-squared test and odds ratios. Results. Overall HPV prevalence was 14.4%. Women who had had two or more sexual partners during the previous year showed a greater risk of HPV infection (OR 6.0, 95% CI 1.7-21.1), as did women who had used oral contraceptives and spermicides at their latest intercourse (OR 3.0, 95% CI 1.0-8.7). Males who consumed cocaine were at a greater risk of HPV infection (OR 7.6, 95% CI 1.3-45.1). Conclusions. HPV prevalence is relatively high. HPV is a reliable biological marker of sexual behavior among females. A greater sample size may be needed to assess its reliability among men.

Palabras llave : human papillomavirus; university students; biological markers; Mexico.

        · resumen en Español     · texto en Español     · pdf en Español