Salud Pública de México
versão impressa ISSN 0036-3634
CORRAL-TERRAZAS, Martha et al. Physicians' beliefs and knowledge on dietary management of children with acute diarrhea. Salud pública Méx [online]. 2002, vol.44, n.4, pp. 303-314. ISSN 0036-3634.
Objective. To identify the beliefs and knowledge of a group of rural physicians on the dietary management of children under five years of age, with acute diarrhea. Physicians' dietary management was compared with that recommended by the World Health Organization. Material and Methods. A cognitive anthropology study was carried out from July to December 1998, on ten physicians that care for the infant population ascribed to Hospital Rural IMSS-Solidaridad of San Juanito Bocoyna, Chihuahua, Mexico. Data were collected through focus groups, case vignettes, free listing, pile sorting, and a semi-structured questionnaire, and then cross-referred. Results. The physicians recognized the negative impact of diarrhea on the nutritional state of the child, but not all of them evaluated this state. Prevailing interventions were antibiotic therapy, fluid management, and feeding recommendations. Among the latter, the most consistent were breastfeeding, delayed feeding, and gradual feeding. Conclusions. The obtained information is in conflict with WHO's recommendations, specially with that of sustained feeding.
Palavras-chave : feed; child; acute diarrhea; medical care; clinical competence; Mexico.