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Revista mexicana de física

Print version ISSN 0035-001X


CONTRERAS, P. et al. A numerical calculation of the electronic specific heat for the compound Sr2RuO4 below its superconducting transition temperature. Rev. mex. fis. [online]. 2014, vol.60, n.3, pp.184-189. ISSN 0035-001X.

In this work, a numerical study of the superconducting specific heat of the unconventional multiband superconductor Strontium Ruthenate, Sr2RuO4, is performed. Two band gaps models are employed, and the results rendered for each of them are compared. One of the models, previously proposed by one of the authors to explain the experimental temperature behavior of the ultrasound attenuation, considers two gaps with point nodes of different magnitude on different gap surface sheets, while the other one is an isotropic and line node model, reported in the literature for describing quantitatively experimental specific heat data. The Sr2RuO4 superconducting density of states, DOS, is computed by employing these two models and then, a detailed numerical study of the electronic specific heat, that includes the contribution from the different Fermi sheets, is carried out. It is found that the calculated point node model specific heat temperature behavior shows an excellent agreement with the existent Sr2RuO4 experimental data at zero field, particularly, it is obtained that the observed specific heat jump at Tc is precisely reproduced. Also, it is found that the sum of the contributions from the different bands fits quantitatively the measured specific heat data. The results in this work evidence that the Sr2RuO4 superconducting states are of unconventional nature, corresponding to those of a point node superconductor, and show the importance of taking into account the multiband nature of the material when calculating thermodynamic superconducting quantities.

Keywords : Electronic specific heat; unconventional superconductors; gap structure; superconducting density of states; point nodes; line nodes.

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