Revista mexicana de física
versão impressa ISSN 0035-001X
FRASER, P.R. et al. Scattering of nucleons from nuclei with couplings to particle-unstable excited states. Rev. mex. fis. [online]. 2011, vol.57, n.1, pp. 20-29. ISSN 0035-001X.
The physics of radioactive ion beams implies the description of weakly-bound nuclear systems. One key aspect concerns the coupling to low-lying collective-type excited states, which for these systems might not be stable levels, but particle emitting resonances. In this work we describe how the scattering cross section and compound spectra change when the colliding fragments have such collective excitations featuring particle emission. We explore this question in the framework of a multi-channel algebraic scattering method of determining nucleon-nucleus cross sections at low energies. For a range of light-mass, particle-unstable nuclear targets, scattering cross sections as well as the spectra of the compound nuclei formed have been determined from calculations that do and do not consider particle emission widths for nuclear states. Assuming a resonance character for target states markedly varies evaluated cross sections from those obtained assuming the target spectrum to have entirely discrete states.
Palavras-chave : Nuclear reactions; radioactive ion beams; neutron scattering; proton scattering; resonances.