Revista mexicana de física
versión impresa ISSN 0035-001X
DELGADO, F.. Entanglement and control operations in Heisenberg 3-D interactions of two qubits. Rev. mex. fis. [online]. 2010, vol.56, n.1, pp. 30-39. ISSN 0035-001X.
Entanglement generated by the Heisenberg model has been studied by several authors in order to understand its relation to the magnetic properties of materials, using mainly particular cases in one or two dimensions for two or more particles. In this work, the evolution of the Heisenberg model is solved for two particles including an inhomogeneous magnetic field in three dimensions, giving a detailed study of the entanglement properties derived from this interaction. Some relations between entanglement and energy or spin are verified, based on known relations for these observables. Finally, some possible quantum control operations are suggested to drive bipartite qubits with an external magnetic field, controlling their evolution into a periodical behavior. These operations become useful to preserve the system properties as well as to transfer information between two parts which can be exploited in engineering applications (e.g. quantum computation or quantum information).
Palabras llave : Heisenberg model; entanglement; quantum control.