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Revista de investigación clínica

versión On-line ISSN 2564-8896versión impresa ISSN 0034-8376


OCHOA-HEIN, Eric et al. Factors Associated with COVID-19 and Asymptomatic Carriage in Healthcare Workers of a COVID-19 Hospital. Rev. invest. clín. [online]. 2021, vol.73, n.2, pp.65-71.  Epub 14-Mayo-2021. ISSN 2564-8896.


Risk factors for coronavirus disease (COVID-19) and severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) asymptomatic carriage (AC) in healthcare workers (HCWs) have been scarcely characterized.


The objective of the study was to study factors associated with COVID-19 and AC in HCWs of a COVID-19 academic medical center.


This is a case-control study. Cases were either symptomatic or asymptomatic HCWs with a positive SARS-CoV-2 polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test result between March 16 and May 21 of 2020. Adjusted odds ratios (aOR) were calculated by means of multivariable logistic regression. In addition, each subject was followed for 14 days to inform outcomes.


One hundred thirty of 249 (52.2%) symptomatic HCWs had COVID-19; 10 were hospitalized but none died. Of 987 asymptomatic HCWs, 37 (3.7%) were AC; 6 of the remaining 950 asymptomatic HCWs with a negative PCR test result were found to be presymptomatic COVID-19 cases the following 14 days. Nurses were more frequently present in the COVID-19 group (51.5% vs. 37.0%), but multivariable analysis rendered non-significant results. After adjustment for age, comorbidities, and working place, factors found to be associated with AC were: working in wards as a nurse (aOR = 9.19, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.05-80.22, p = 0.045), kitchen personnel (aOR = 4.09, 95% CI = 1.55-10.83, p = 0.005), and being a physician (aOR = 0.12, 95% CI = 0.03-0.54, p = 0.006).


HCW category was the predominant factor associated with AC of SARS-CoV-2 in this study.

Palabras llave : Coronavirus disease-19; Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2; Healthcare worker; Carrier state; Risk factor.

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