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Revista de investigación clínica

Print version ISSN 0034-8376

Abstract

GARCIA, Heladia; FRANCO-GUTIERREZ, Mario; RODRIGUEZ-MEJIA, Evaldo Jesús  and  GONZALEZ-LARA, Carlos David. Co-morbidity and mortality during the first year of life in children with jejunoileal atresia. Rev. invest. clín. [online]. 2006, vol.58, n.5, pp.450-457. ISSN 0034-8376.

Objective. To identify the co-morbidity and mortality during the first year of life in children with jejunoileal atresia. Design. Descriptive, comparative cohort. Site. Hospital de Pediatría, Centro Médico Nacional Siglo XXI, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social. Population. Seventy children with jejunoileal atresia. Measures. Following variables were registered: gestational age, birth weight, sex, type and site of atresia, other congenital defects, surgical management, number of surgeries, duration of fasting, re-hospitalizations, weight and height at 6 months and one year of life, co-morbidity and mortality. Results. Intestinal atresia types I and II were present in 27% of the patients respectively and type IIIa in 24%. Co-morbidity in the neonatal period was 64.2%, being the most common conditions sepsis (47.1%) and anastomotic stricture (18.5%). During the first year of life co-morbidity was 51.4%, presented as functional intestinal obstruction (21.4%). Mortality was 11.4% (n = 8), the main causes of death were sepsis (n = 6) and liver failure (n = 2). The mortality rate according to the type of atresia was 44.4% for type IV, 33.3% for type IIIb and 1.3% for type I. Conclusions. Co-morbidity during the first year of life in children with jejunoileal atresia is high, and related to infections and anastomosis inherent problems. Mortality is higher for intestinal atresia type IV.

Keywords : Intestinal atresia; Morbidity; Mortality; Cholestasis; Liver failure; Short bowel syndrome.

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