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Revista de investigación clínica

versión impresa ISSN 0034-8376

Resumen

NAVA, Maria Paulina et al. Molecular characterization of the - -SEA alpha thalassemia allele in Mexican patients with HbH disease. Rev. invest. clín. [online]. 2006, vol.58, n.4, pp.313-317. ISSN 0034-8376.

α-Thalassemia is one of the most prevalent hemoglobin disorders in the world, in South-East Asians, the--SEA allele is widely found in the HbH disease patients. The purpose of this work is to describe the molecular characteristics of Hemoglobin H disease in three patients from two Mexican families, as well to analyze the DNA sequence of the --SEA allele to determine the precise site of the crossover. The -α3.7 and --SEA alleles were identified using an established long-PCR method modified in our laboratory. The crossover site of --SEA mutation was analyzed by DNA sequencing. The three HbH subjects showed the same genotype -α3.7/--SEA. The -α3.7 allele has been observed in almost every racial studied group, whereas the --SEA allele is predominant in South-East Asian countries. DNA analysis through the breakpoint sites of the --SEA allele in both families showed the 5' breakpoint at the third base of codon 28 in the ψα2 gene and the 3' breakpoint within an Alu-Jo sequence, 1,328 nucleotides upstream of the 3'HVR. Therefore the size of the deletion is 19,303 nucleotides. This is the first report in which the flanking deletion sites of the--SEA mutation have been analyzed in Mexican patients, the 5' and 3' ends of the deletion is well determined.

Palabras llave : α-Thalassemia; Hemoglobin H disease, -α3.7; deletion. -- SEA deletion.

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