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Neumología y cirugía de tórax

Print version ISSN 0028-3746


MARTINEZ-BRISENO, David et al. Mortality trends of interstitial lung disease in Mexico, 2000-2010. Neumol. cir. torax [online]. 2014, vol.73, n.3, pp.179-184. ISSN 0028-3746.

Background: Worldwide almost no epidemiologic data are available on the mortality of interstitial lung diseases in the general population. Its epidemiology in Mexico has not been well characterized. Objectives: We aimed to analyze the trends in mortality age-standardized by interstitial lung diseases from 2000 to 2010 in Mexico and the annual death rates by age and sex. Methods: The official National Database of Mortality was used to establish date and cause of deaths (Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía [INEGI] from 2000 to 2010 in Mexico. Age-standardized rates were calculated by direct method; annual rates of death by sex in two age-groups (45-64 years old and 65 or more years old) were calculated. The codes of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems 10th Revision (CIE-10) J60-J80, J82-J84 y J99.1 were analyzed. Results: Of 5,420,059 deaths registered, 22,600 were diagnosed as death of an interstitial lung disease between 2000 and 2010 (0.4%). The CIE-10 code with a higher percentage of deaths was J84: "other pulmonary interstitial diseases" with 80.2% (18,127/22,600). This code includes the rheumatic diseases and autoimmune diseases that exhibit a lung interstitial disease. The age-standardized mortality rates by lung interstitial diseases shown an increasing trend during 2000-2010, but men exhibited higher rates than women; the description of annual mortality shown that the rates specific by age and sex were increasing in both sex but higher in male than female. The age group more affected was of 65 or more years old. Conclusions: This article shows the relevance of interstitial lung diseases as a death cause in Mexico. In the next years will be required additional resources to medical care in these diseases.

Keywords : Interstitial lung disease; Mexico; mortality.

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