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Revista de la Facultad de Medicina (México)

versión On-line ISSN 2448-4865versión impresa ISSN 0026-1742


SOUZA Y MACHORRO, Mario. Addictions in Mexico: a therapeutic view of their myths and goals. Rev. Fac. Med. (Méx.) [online]. 2014, vol.57, n.2, pp.15-24. ISSN 2448-4865.

Addictions produce different clinical manifestations, causing serious health, legal and socio-economic complications. However, many remain undiagnosed. The poor global therapeutic response is derived from the heterogeneous nature of the problem; in addition to its severity, comorbidity, motivation, treatment duration, affective-emotional states, personality traits, adaptation skills, impulsiveness, etc. Community supply of services must consider the natural history of the disorder, information, awareness, and early detection strategies, as well as the interpersonal systems involved. The humanist framework that hosts it helps patients understand and manage their disease, making more likely the transformation of the person-object into a person-subject, through the control of the symptoms and improving selfesteem and security. This proposal offers a scientific view, unification of language and diagnostic purposes and goals, and the genesis of understanding and overcoming the resistance of the protagonists, fostering the institutional accomplishment of the task; better and more specific procedures that benefit the broad spectrum of case management, where psychotherapeutic modalities complement the pharmacological management and promote relapse prevention and productive abstinence. The institutions must assume operational frameworks to monitor staff, from their training to the specific job function, and the fulfillment of the responsibilities inherent to their actions. A National Program for the Integral Treatment of Addictions is required, which attachment to ethical norms supports professionalization and produces a worthy experience and beneficial for all those involved.

Palabras llave : Drug abuse; diagnosis; treatment; directions; health education.

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