Print version ISSN 0016-7169
DELGADO-RODRIGUEZ, Omar; SHEVNIN, Vladimir; OCHOA-VALDES, Jesús and RYJOV, Albert. Geoelectrical characterization of a site with hydrocarbon contamination caused by pipeline leakage. Geofís. Intl [online]. 2006, vol.45, n.1, pp. 63-72. ISSN 0016-7169.
Vertical Electrical Sounding (VES) method is used extensively in environmental impact studies including hydrocarbon contamination. In this work, the results of the geoelectrical characterization of a contaminated site caused by pipeline leakage are presented. Geoelectrical study was performed with multi-electrode technology and 2D profile data interpretation. VES results from six parallel profiles were presented in resistivity sections and maps. Layered model of the site was found including aquifer and aquitard layers. Although the contamination grade of the site is low, we found two contaminated zones into sandy aquifer. Aquifer and aquitard were characterized by its resistivity, clay content, porosity and cation exchange capacity values. Recalculation of resistivity data into petrophysical sections and maps was performed by an inversion algorithm taking into account pore water salinity. Petrophysical parameters for uncontaminated areas estimated from resistivity are close to real values; meanwhile, in contaminated zones petrophysical parameters have anomalous values. Similar effects of contamination influence on petrophysical parameters were found in laboratory by resistivity measurements made at clean and contaminated sand samples.
Keywords : Vertical Electrical Sounding; hydrocarbon contamination; geoelectrical characterization; petrophysical parameters.