Gaceta médica de México
Print version ISSN 0016-3813
MENDEZ-TOVAR, Luis J. et al. Micosis among five highly underprivileged Mexican communities. Gac. Méd. Méx [online]. 2006, vol.142, n.5, pp. 381-386. ISSN 0016-3813.
Background. In many small rural communities in Mexico, medical care is deficient, empirical or absent. Objetive. In order to improve health coverage in rural areas, the Mexican Institute of Social Security organizes Medical and Surgical Meetings of various specialties including Dermatology and Mycology (MSDM). These include visits to rural hospitals by dermatologists and a mycologist to care for underprivileged communities. In addition to taking samples, they establish the clinical diagnosis and indicate medical and/or surgical treatment, with follow-up visits when needed. Material and methods. In 2004 and 2005, five MSDM in Chiapas (two), Puebla (one), Michoacán (one) and Oaxaca (one) were organized Mycoses were within the first four skin pathologies detected. Results. Direct examination with potassium hydroxide led to the diagnosis of mycosis andotherskin diseases such as scabies, pediculosis or hair disorders. The sample cultures showed, in addition to common fungi as dermatophytes (Trichophyton rubrum, 19 cases), other uncommon fungal agents such as Trichosporon spp, Chrysosporium spp, Cryptococcus, Geotrichum spp and Aspergillus spp. Most of the candidiasis cases were caused by Candida parapsilosis (nine cases) followed by C. albicans (three cases).
Keywords : Mycoses; rural communities; Mexico.