Gaceta médica de México
versão impressa ISSN 0016-3813
ROSAS-PERALTA, Martín et al. Clinical implications and prognostic significance of the study on the circadian variation of heart rate variability in patients with severe pulmonary hypertension. Gac. Méd. Méx [online]. 2006, vol.142, n.1, pp. 19-28. ISSN 0016-3813.
Background: A reduction of heart rate variability (HRV) is currently considered an independent risk factor for morbidity, mortality and severity of several cardiac disease, however, the dynamic sympathovagal modulation on HR V during 24 hr in primary pulmonary hypertension (PPH) had not been described. Methods: 24 hr Holter monitoring (HM) were recorded in 32 patients (mean age 34, +/-12, 90% female) with severe primary pulmonary hypertension (mean pulmonary pressure, 9O :t: 12mm Hg), and in 34 patients (mean age 36 +/-14, 60% female) with Eisenmenger syndrome (ES) secondary to septal ventricular defect or atent duc tus arteriosus. A control group (n=44) paired for age, gender and arterial pulmonary pressure was included. HR V time and spectral parameters (mean, SDNN, SDANN, rMSSD, PNN50, LF, HF and LF/HF ratio) were analyzed during three periods: 24 hr; day (8-22:00), night (23-07:00) and also every hour of recording at 5 min-intervals). After detection of sympatho-vagal balance 15 patients were randomized, Treprostinil (prostaglandin) was administered to 6 patients and subcutaneous placebo to 9. Results: HRV frequency parameters during 24 hr HM were significantly different among groups. LF/HF (day) 5.9:1:12.5:1:1P.001 and LF/ HF night)2.8:t1vs.1.5:1:.8.034. Sympathovagal modulation on 24hr HRV showed that heart rate circadian rhythm is clearly altered in both PPH and ES, but the sympathetic tone in PPH is higher at l 24hr. (p<. 05), after administering treprostinil a recovery of sympathovagal balance was observed. Conclusions: A utonomic cardiac disturbance is clearly present in PPH and ES. The circadian rhythm of HRV is first lost due to an increase of sympathetic tone. These changes may be markers of autonomic disbalance that favor the development of arrhythmias and sudden death. The sympathovagal balance in PPH could be considered an important risk marker.
Palavras-chave : Heart rate variability; cardiac disease; sympathovagal modulation; risk markers.