Gaceta médica de México
versão impressa ISSN 0016-3813
GARCIA DE QUEVEDO-LANDA, Isabel et al. Somatic, biochemical and arterial pressure at the end of adolescence, according to weight at birth. Gac. Méd. Méx [online]. 2005, vol.141, n.4, pp. 297-303. ISSN 0016-3813.
Objective: To investigate in young people differences among somatic measurements, biochemical issues and arterial tension, according to weight at birth. Material and methods: 53 youth born with body weight <2500 g, and 100 born with normal weight were studied. Variables: somatic measurements, arterial pressure, glucose, insulin, cholesterol and triglycerides. Insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome were also evaluated. Results: Men born with normal weight had higher cholesterol and resistance to insulin. Differences persisted for odds ratio. Those born with <2500 g had a negative correlation among weight at birth and glucose level. Overweight-obesity was found in 30.0% (46/153) and the metabolic syndrome in 10% (14/140); the frequency of this syndrome increased with the IMC was higher: from 2.0% (2/100) in eutrophics to 30% (12/40) in those with overweight-obesity. Conclusions: The findings stand out the magnitude of the adiposity and of the metabolic syndrome in youths.
Palavras-chave : Overweight-obesity; metabolic syndrome; insulin resistance; hypothesis of Barker.