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Gaceta médica de México

versión impresa ISSN 0016-3813

Resumen

YSUNZA, Antonio. Physiology of pharyngeal muscles after surgical restoration of the velopharyngeal sphincter. Gac. Méd. Méx [online]. 2005, vol.141, n.3, pp.195-199. ISSN 0016-3813.

Introduction: Speech velopharyngeal sphincter restoration is generally performed by pharyngeal flap or sphincter pharyngoplasty. Objective: Evaluate pharyngeal muscle physiology after pharyngeal flap or sphincter pharyngoplasty using simultaneous electromyography and videonasopharyngoscopy. Material and Methods: Forty patients were studied. Twenty patients were operated on with an upper base pharyngeal flap. Twenty patients were operated on with sphincter pharyngoplasty. The following muscles were studied: superior constrictor pharyngeus, palatopharyngeus, and levator veli palatini. Results: None of the patients studied showed electromyographic activity in the lateral flaps of tile pharyngoplasties. None showed electromyographic activity of the upper base pharyngeal flaps. AII patients demonstrated strong electromyographic activity on the superior constrictor pharyngeus and the levator veli palatini. Conclusions: Lateral pharyngeal flaps in cases of sphincter pharyngoplasties and the central pharyngeal flap in cases of pharyngeal flaps, do not create new sphincters for velopharyngeal closure. The participation of these structures is passive, increasing tissue volume in specific areas, whereas their movements are caused by the contraction of the superior constrictor pharyngeus and the levator veli palatini.

Palabras llave : Electromyography; pharynx; cleft palate; physiology.

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