Scielo RSS <![CDATA[Veterinaria México OA]]> vol. 4 num. 2 lang. es <![CDATA[SciELO Logo]]> <![CDATA[Quantitative evaluation of osteogenesis through infrared light. Pilot study]]> Abstract Different methods are available to evaluate the degree of bone healing. A good choice involves employing optical techniques with infrared light to evaluate the progress of bone consolidation. Because infrared light is absorbed in liquids and reflected in solids, it is possible to assess bone consolidation progress using an incident light source and a coupled photo sensor. We used a 940-nm light source that is capable of reaching bone to determine the degree of bone consolidation. Five New Zealand White rabbits were used according to the NOM-062-ZOO99 standard. In each animal, a fracture was generated in the left tibia, and the fragments were fixed using an external fixator constructed with Kirschner nails and dental acrylic cement. Progress in bone consolidation was evaluated at days 7, 23, and 34 after surgery. A linear dependence was observed between the days elapsed and the reflection of the infrared light. <![CDATA[Efficacy of <em>Metarhizium anisopliae</em> in the control of the horn fly, <em>Haematobia irritans</em> (<em>Diptera: Muscidae</em>), under natural infestation conditions]]> Abstract The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy of the entomopathogenic fungus, Metarhizium anisopliae strain 134 (Ma134), for dairy cattle naturally infested with Haematobia irritans (L.) An aqueous formulation of 1 x 108 conidia/ml was applied by aspersion on a group of eight cows every seven days for a total of four applications, while a control group was sprayed with the same solution without conidial content. The degree of horn fly infestation was estimated daily in both groups by the direct count of adult flies found resting or feeding on the animals, and Abbott’s formula was used to calculate the effectiveness of the formulation. The Ma134 formulation resulted in a 68.6 % reduction of the fly infestation during the study period, and a significant reduction was observed from the first week post-application (p&lt; 0.05). The results show that the Ma134 formulation is effective in reducing infestations of horn fly, H. irritans, on dairy cattle under natural conditions. Thus, the fungus, Ma134, can be considered a candidate for biological control for the integrated management of H. irritans. <![CDATA[Ultrastructure of bovine preantral follicles: effect of the slaughterhouse aseptic process on follicular integrity]]> Abstract Ovaries from slaughtered cows are the most abundant source of preantral immature follicles for in vitro studies including maturation and in vitro fertilization. Integrity of immature follicles may be compromised by inadequate management during the collection and transport of the gonads, limiting the success of a correct evaluation. This study assessed the effect of aseptic and transport of bovine ovaries on the structural and ultrastructural integrity of immature follicles from the ovarian cortex. Ovaries from 20 different crossbred cows (Bos taurus×B. indicus) were randomly assigned to one of two aseptic and transport treatments: (1) the ovaries were washed once with 70 % ethanol for 10 s, rinsed twice with normal saline solution (OH + NSS), and then transported in NSS + 0.05 % gentamicin sulphate; or (2) the ovaries were washed three times with phosphate buffered saline (PBS) and transported in PBS + 0.05 % gentamicin sulphate. Samples of the ovarian cortex were obtained from each treatment group. Half of samples of each treatment was processed for histologic evaluation of follicular morphology and developmental stage using haematoxylin &amp; eosin, and the other half was processed to analyse the ultrastructure of immature follicles using transmission electronic microscopy. The rates of good-quality follicles were 36.95 % and 88.6 % for OH + NSS and PBS, respectively. Histological analysis showed higher number of abnormal follicles in OH + NSS than in PBS treated ovaries (F1,12 =99.64, P= 0.0001). The proportions of morphological alterations were not significantly different between treatments (χ2 1,7 =7.72, P= 0.358). The ultrastructure of immature follicles from OH + NSS ovaries showed cell damage, revealed by abundant cell detritus around both, the oocyte and follicular cells. However, the presence of alterations was barely evident in both the cytoplasm and the nucleus of the granulosa cells. <![CDATA[Prevalence and risk factors associated with serovars of <em>Leptospira</em> in dogs from Culiacan, Sinaloa]]> Abstract Domestic dogs transmit Leptospira spp. to humans, and determining the health risk that they represent is of paramount importance. To determine the seroprevalence and main risk factors associated with serovars of Leptospira in dogs from Culiacan, Sinaloa, we obtained serum samples from 165 dogs. The samples were stored at -40 °C and were analysed by the microbiology laboratory at Centro Nacional de Sanidad Animal using the leptospirosis microscopic agglutination test. Additionally, a survey was performed to identify epidemiological risk factors, and statistical inference was determined using chi-square test, odd ratios, and logistic regression with a statistical significance set at P &lt; 0.05. The prevalence of Leptospira was 9 % (15/165), and we identified seven serovars: canicola 17 (46 %), icterohaemorrhagiae (40 %), bratislava (40 %), grippotyphosa (33 %), shermani (33 %), pyrogenes (20 %) and ballum (13 %). Based on our epidemiological survey, the risk factors associated with the detection of antibodies against Leptospira include the permanent habitation of pets in courtyards (OR = 4.6, P &lt; 0.05) and presence of water stored in drums and basins (OR = 3.25, P &lt; 0.05). The prevalence of leptospirosis in dogs indicates that the disease is present in the city of Culiacan and that leptospiral antibodies in dogs increase in poor sanitary conditions with stored water, which increases the potential risk of infection for both humans and animals.