Scielo RSS <![CDATA[Veterinaria México OA]]> http://www.scielo.org.mx/rss.php?pid=2448-676020190002&lang=es vol. 6 num. 2 lang. es <![CDATA[SciELO Logo]]> http://www.scielo.org.mx/img/en/fbpelogp.gif http://www.scielo.org.mx <![CDATA[Canine lymphoma: Pathological and clinical characteristics of patients treated at a referral hospital]]> http://www.scielo.org.mx/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S2448-67602019000200001&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Abstract Non-Hodgkin’s lymphomas are common canine cancers with variable demographic and clinical presentations. Their pathological characterization and treatment lag far behind those of humans. We describe consecutive lymphoma patients detected over a one-year period at the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM). Of 4,512 dogs: 220 (4.9%) had a cancer diagnosis, of which 27 (0.6%) had lymphoma (12% of cancer patients). We found an association with Miniature Schnauzers, which represented 18.5% (5/27) of lymphoma patients, but it was only 6.4% (288/4,512) of the dogs studied in this time period (p&lt; 0.011). Miniature Schnauzers and mongrels together constituted nearly half of lymphoma cases. Mean age at diagnosis was 7.5 years (3-14), with a female to male ratio of 1.7:1. We found no correlation between lymphoma and castration status. Most patients presented nodal involvement (80%), were in advanced stages III/IV (90%) and had B-cell versus T-cell tumors (64%/36%). Only two histopathological patterns were seen, both with diffuse nodal-replacement by large immunoblast and/or centroblast-like cells; one having numerous tingible-body macrophages which are suggestive of a high proliferative rate. Chemotherapy was given to 15 patients (65%) with an overall response of 73% (3 complete responses/8 partial responses) and a mean overall survival of 219 days (4-586; SD±185). One cutaneous lymphoma-patient achieved partial response (PR) with lomustine/prednisone, and treatment was still ongoing at 548 days. Earlier diagnosis, better lymphoma subtype distinction, and specific curative treatments are needed. <![CDATA[Natural <em>Cysticercus fasciolaris</em> infection in rodents from a rural area in Yucatan, Mexico]]> http://www.scielo.org.mx/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S2448-67602019000200012&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Abstract Cysticercus fasciolaris is the larval stage of Taenia taeniaeformis, a parasite that predominantly affects felines. It, however, has zoonotic significance since humans can be accidental hosts. Rodents and lagomorphs act as Intermediate hosts in this parasite’s life cycle. The aim of this study was to determine the natural occurrence of infection with Cysticercus fasciolaris in rodents from a rural area in Yucatan, Mexico. Rodents were captured in 40 dwellings and two neighboring areas of low deciduous forest. A total of 153 individuals of seven different species were captured: 65 Rattus rattus (42.5%), 44 Mus musculus (28.8%), 22 Heteromys gaumeri (14.4%), 11 Ototylomys phyllotis (7.2%), 9 Peromyscus yucatanicus (5.9%), 1 Peromyscus leucopus (0.6%), and 1 Sigmodon hispidus (0.6%). All animals were examined for evidence of parasitic liver infection. Rattus rattus was the only species to present positive Cysticercus fasciolaris infection (18.5%, 12/65). We thus concluded that there was no evidence of a transmission cycle with wild rodent species. <![CDATA[The rabbit as a surgical model for early training stages of the laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication technique]]> http://www.scielo.org.mx/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S2448-67602019000200022&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Abstract This study describes the advantages and disadvantages of using the rabbit as an animal model for surgical training in the Nissen laparoscopic fundoplication technique. Six New Zealand rabbits weighing between 2.5 and 3.5 kg were used. Nissen fundoplication was performed successfully in five out of six animals. Average procedure time was 47 minutes, with a maximum of 80 minutes for the first surgery and a minimum of 30 minutes for the last. Main advantages of the rabbit model are ease of animal restrain and low cost. The rabbit allows for the recreation of the human surgical environment, albeit showing a lower degree of difficulty. We thus consider this surgical model to be valuable only for skill development on basic stages of the laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication technique. For advanced stages of this surgical procedure, use of other animal models with further anatomical similarities to humans, such as the swine model, are recommended. <![CDATA[Pregnancy-associated glycoproteins (PAGs) and progesterone concentrations in Holstein heifers following two methods of estrus synchronization]]> http://www.scielo.org.mx/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S2448-67602019000200034&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Abstract Pregnancy-associated glycoproteins (PAGs) and progesterone concentrations were assessed in Holstein heifers 28 days post-insemination, following estrus synchronization with either a double prostaglandin (PG) injection or the ovsynch protocol. Animals between 15 and 20 months of age, with a 3-3.5 BCS, were randomly assigned to three groups: Heifers in the control group (n = 70) were monitored for estrus behaviour for 21 days and inseminated when detected in standing heat; Estrus of heifers in the Ovsynch group (n = 70)) was synchronized following the Ovsynch protocol, and timed artificial insemination was performed 16 h after the completion of treatment; Animals in the PG group (n = 70) received two prostaglandin-F2α injections 11 days apart, were monitored for estrus behaviour for 2-5 days following the last injection, and inseminated when in heat. Serum PAGs and progesterone concentrations were measured in pregnant heifers (control group n = 25; ovsynch group n = 22; PG group n = 21) on day 28 after artificial insemination (AI). Mean serum PAGs concentrations (OD: optical density) were similar between groups (control = 3.37 ± 0.148, Ovsynch = 3.21 ± 0.136, and PG = 3.34 ± 0.143; p &gt; 0.05). However, serum progesterone concentrations were found to be lower in the ovsynch group (4.70 ± 0.17 ng/mL) when compared to the PG (5.34 ± 0.13 ng/mL) or the control (5.37 ± 0.08 ng/mL) groups (p &lt; 0.001). There was no correlation between serum PAGs and progesterone levels at day 28 post-insemination, or between early pregnancy PAGs concentrations and fetal death rates. Further research, including multiple sampling time points throughout gestation, after estrus synchronization protocols is warranted, to determine if there are associated temporal changes in PAGs and progesterone profiles that could impact reproductive parameters in dairy heifers.