Scielo RSS <![CDATA[América Latina en la historia económica]]> http://www.scielo.org.mx/rss.php?pid=1405-225320200003&lang=en vol. 27 num. 3 lang. en <![CDATA[SciELO Logo]]> http://www.scielo.org.mx/img/en/fbpelogp.gif http://www.scielo.org.mx <![CDATA[Participation and gender occupational segregation in the economic sectors of Latin America during the 20th century]]> http://www.scielo.org.mx/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1405-22532020000300001&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en Resumen Este artículo estudia la incorporación de las mujeres al mercado de trabajo en quince países de América Latina durante el siglo XX. También se analiza la segregación ocupacional generada por la división de género en el trabajo. Para este objetivo, se han reconstruido las tasas de actividad de las mujeres a nivel agregado y también en los tres sectores de actividad de la economía: agricultura, industria y servicios. El trabajo permite comprobar que la participación de las mujeres en el mercado laboral no ha sido un proceso meramente acumulativo, sino que estaría más vinculado a la demanda diferencial de fuerza de trabajo de los sectores económicos en los distintos periodos analizados.<hr/>Abstract This article studies the women’s incorporation into the labor market in 15 Latin American countries during the 15th century. Also, this article analyzes the occupational segregation generated by the gender division of labor. In order to do this, the activity rates of women have been rebuilt at an aggregate level, same with the three activity sectors of the economy: agriculture, industry and services. The work allows to see women’s participation in the labor market has not been a simple cumulative process, but rather is linked to the differential demand for labor on different economic sectors in the periods analyzed. <![CDATA[The Two Ends of the Crisis: The Bankruptcies of the Bank Houses in 1864 views from top to bottom]]> http://www.scielo.org.mx/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1405-22532020000300002&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en Resumo O presente artigo tem como objetivo principal contribuir à elucidação de um dos momentos mais críticos da recente estrutura financeira brasileira, a chamada Crise do Souto, em 1864 na cidade do Rio de Janeiro. Para tanto, utilizamos farta documentação quantificada, serializada e georreferenciada, matizando os nuances das questões suscitadas pela crise com fontes discursivas que ampliam o nosso potencial analítico. Partimos da premissa que é necessário conhecer melhor o funcionamento e os negócios das casas bancárias para entender os motivos e os efeitos imediatos da crise naquela sociedade. Não é possível subestimar a magnitude, alcance e caráter estruturante das Casas Bancárias para o nascente sistema bancário e financeiro na praça do Rio de Janeiro.<hr/>Abstract This article aims to help elucidate one of the most critical moments of the recent Brazilian financial structure, the so-called Crisis de Souto, in 1864 in the city of Rio de Janeiro. For this, we use abundant quantified, serialized and georeferenced documentation, pointing out the nuances of the problems posed by the crisis with discursive sources that expand our analytical potential. We assume that it’s necessary to better understand the operation and business of bank houses and thus understand the reasons and the immediate effects of the crisis in that society. It’s not possible to underestimate the magnitude, scope and structuring nature of the Bank Houses for the nascent banking and financial system in the Plaza de Rio de Janeiro.